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Home :: South India Temples :: Badami Cave Temple India

Badami Cave Temple India | Cave Temple at Badami India

 

Cave Temple at Badami India

Situated in north Karnataka, Badami was the erstwhile capital of the Chalukya empire. Badami is located at the mouth of a ravine flanked by two rocky hills.

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The town is known for its cave temples - all carved out of sandstone hills. Badami Cave temple India comprises of four caves, the third cave temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu is the largest and the most picturesque.

The caves of the temples represent different religious sects. In front of the cave temple, there is a reservoir dotted with temples on its bank. Among them, two are dedicated to Lord Vishnu, one to Lord Shiva and the fourth is a

Jain Temple. Badami Cave temple in Karnataka 

have some spectacular carving displaying the Hindu gods, Narashima and Hari Hara. The temples also have paintings on the ceiling and interesting bracket figures on the piers.

Architecture


The cave temples at Badami India dating back to 600 and 700 A.D. are carved out of sandstone hills.

The temple architecture is a blend of North Indian Nagara Style and South Indian Dravidian style of architecture.

Each cave has a sanctum, a hall, a verandah and pillars. The cave temples also bear exquisite carvings, sculptures and beautiful murals.

» Cave 1 : Made of red stone, this cave was built in 578 A.D. A climb of about 40 steps takes one to the cave.

The cave has an open verandah, a hall with several pillars and a square shaped sanctum. One can see beautifuly crafted column shafts and painting of amorous couples on the ceiling. Shiva as Natraja with 18 arms, is portrayed here in 81 different dancing poses.

» Cave 2 :

Dedicated to Lord Vishnu, this cave is situated at the top of a sandstone hill. Vishnu is depicted here as a dwarf or Trivikrama of amazing dimensions, with one foot commanding the earth and the other the sky.

»Cave 3 :

The cave temple at Badami India with its origin dating back to 578 A.D, is located up on the hill. The facade of the cave is 70 ft wide and the plinth has the carvings of ganas.

Built in the Deccani art, the cave is a fine specimen of the sheer artistry and sculptural genius. The cave provides a close insight into the art and culture of the 6th century.

Major attractions of the cave include the high relief of Vishnu with a serpent, Vishnu as Narasimha, Varaha, Harihara (Shiva -Vishnu) and Vishnu as Trivikrama.

» Cave 4 :

The only Jain cave lies to the east of Cave 3. The 24th Tirthankara- Mahavira, can be seen here, seated in a comfortable pose.

History & Legends - Cave Temple at Badami India


The Badami Cave Temple in Karnataka is linked with the ancient kingdom of Chalukyas. Badami was originally founded by Pulakesin I, in the 6th century A.D, but the architectural developments were made by Chalukyas.

They built many temples and monuments, marking the beginning of the Hindu style of architecture. The examples of Chalukyan style can be seen in cave temple at Badami India, Aihole, Pattadakal and many other Buddhist and Jain monasteries in the region.

The region was also ruled by the Chalukyas of Kalyan (a separate branch of Chalukyas), the Kalachuryas, Yadavas of Devangiri and the Vijaynagar Empire. In the medieval period Badami was ruled by Adil Shahi rulers of Bijapur and the Marathas.

Festivals & Celebration - Badami Cave Temple in Karnataka


Badami Cave Temple in Karnataka and its nearby areas are famous for a number of annual temple festivals. The annual temple festival of Banashankari, held during January/ February is very popular.

Other important festivals are the Virupaksha Temple Car Festival and Mallikarjuna Temple Festival held at Pattadakal, celebrated in the during of March/ April.


 


 

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